NIA Central Office – The National Irrigation Administration (NIA) initiates the adoption of Diversified Cropping in National and Communal Irrigation Systems (NISs/CISS) to lessen the effects of Global Warming and Climate Change in the agricultural sector, effective Dry Season of CY 2020 through the issuance of NIA Memorandum Circular No. 63, s. 2019.
In this regard, NIA, at any given time, shall ensure the continuous and bountiful harvest and that interventions, whether technical or procedural, be adopted to mitigate or lessen the effects of Climate Change, particularly, in the supply of irrigation water. Hence, the adoption of this procedural intervention, the Diversification of Crops, is deemed vital in securing the profitability of our Filipino farmers.
The memorandum also enumerated the factors that must be considered in crop selection. These include the suitability to present soil condition, such as soil texture, soil pH or acidity, and soil fertility, the adaptability to existing climate condition in the area, such as temperature level, rainfall, intensity of light/yield, and day length, the high productivity potential and high tolerance to pests and diseases, the knowledge in cultural/cultivation requirements, crop profitability, and the availability of market for farm produce.
Crop diversification provides numerous agricultural and economic benefits to the farmers. Aside from improving and breeding new crop varieties, crop diversification enhances the resistance of plants to various weather conditions. Moreover, it will increase crop portfolio, so that farmers would not be dependent on a single crop to generate their income. When farmers only cultivate one type of crop, they are exposed to high risks of unforeseen climate events that could severely impact agricultural production. Thus, the introduction of a greater range of crop varieties will increase natural biodiversity, strengthen agro-ecosystem, reduce risk of total crop failures, and provide farmers with alternative source of income.
The cropping calendar for Type I, Type II, Type III, and Type IV climate-resilient crops is also provided in the memorandum for adoption to all NIA regional offices. The NIA Operations Department – Irrigation Engineering Center (IEC) will be monitoring the submission of Monthly Diversified Cropping Report, as well as the provision of assistance that is relative to this.
NIA remains committed to provide vital contribution to the socio-economic growth and agricultural development of the country through adoption of modern and innovative farming practices for the benefit of the Filipino farmers and of the nation.
**For questions and/or clarifications, you may contact:
PILIPINA P. BERMUDEZ
Department Manager A
NIA Public Affairs and Information Staff
Mobile: 0995 251 7847
Landline: (02) 921-3741